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Numerous research studies and statistics show that adult beds are not safe for sleeping babies for a variety of reasons. Further, there are no safety standards for adult beds in regard to use by a baby and no evidence exists to show how adult beds can be made safe for a sleeping baby. We offer the following as support for our recommendation that “room sharing is safer than bed sharing.”

Complete Research Citation List

  • Scheers NJ, Dayton CM, Kemp JS. Sudden infant death with external airways covered: case-comparison study of 206 deaths in the United States. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1998;152:540-547
  • Carpenter RG, Shaddick CW. Role of infection, suffocation, and bottle-feeding in cot death: an analysis of some factors in the histories of 110 cases and their controls. Br J Prev Soc Med. 1965; 19:1-7
  • Hassall IB, Vandenberg M. Infant sleep position: a New Zealand survey. N Z Med J. 1985;98:97-99
  • Kemp JS, Thach BT. Rebreathing of exhaled air. In: Byard RW, Krous HF, eds. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome – Problems, Progress and Possibilities. London, England: Edward Arnold Publishers Limited; 2001:138-155
  • Hauck FR, Herman SM, Donovan M, et al. Sleep environment and the risk of sudden infant death syndrome in an urban population: the Chicago Infant Mortality Study. Pediatrics. 2003;111:1207-1214
  • Kemp JS, Livne M, White DK, Arfken CL. Softness and potential to cause rebreathing: differences in bedding used by infants at high and low risk for sudden infant death syndrome. J Pediatr. 1998;132:234-239
  • Flick L, White DK, Vemulapalli C, Stulac B, Kemp JS. Sleep position and the use of soft bedding during bedsharing among African American infants at increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome. J Pediatr. 2001;138:338-343
  • Scheers NJ, Rutherford GW, Kemp JS. Where should infants sleep? A comparison of risk for suffocation of infants sleeping in cribs, adult beds, and other sleeping locations. Pediatrics. 2003;112:883-889
  • Mosko S, Richard C, McKenna J. Infant arousals during mother- infant bed sharing: implications for infant sleep and sudden infant death syndrome research. Pediatrics. 1997;100:841-849
  • McKenna JJ, Mosko SS, Richard CA. Bedsharing promotes breastfeeding. Pediatrics. 1997;100:214-219
  • Unger B, Kemp JS, Wilkins D, Psara R, Ledbetter T, Graham M, et al. Racial disparity and modifiable risk factors among infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly. Pediatrics.2003;111(2):e127-e131. Available at: https://www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/111/2/e127. Accessed February 23, 2005
  • Kemp JS, Unger B, Wilkins D, et al. Unsafe sleep practices and an analysis of bedsharing among infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly: results of a four year, population-based, death-scene investigation study of sudden infant death syndrome and related deaths. Pediatrics. 2000;106(3):e41. Available at: https://www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/106/3/e41. Accessed February 23, 2005
  • Drago DA, Dannenberg AL. Infant mechanical suffocation deaths in the United States,1980-1997. Pediatrics. 1999;103(5):e59. Available at: https://www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/103/5/e59. Accessed February 23, 2005
  • McGarvey C, McDonnell M, Chong A, O’Regan M, Matthews T. Factors relating to the infant’s last sleep environment in sudden infant death syndrome in the Republic of Ireland. Arch Dis Child. 2003;88:1058-1064
  • Blair PS, Fleming PJ, Smith IJ, et al. Babies sleeping with parents; case-control study of factors influencing the risk of the sudden infant death syndrome. BMJ. 1999;319:1457-1461
  • Carpenter RG, Irgens LM, Blair PS, et al. Sudden unexplained infant death in 20 regions in Europe: case control study. Lancet. 2004;363:185-191
  • Mitchell EA, Thompson JMD. Co-sleeping increases the risk of SIDS, but sleeping in the parents bedroom lowers it. In: Rognum TO, ed. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. New Trends in the Nineties. Oslo, Norway: Scandinavian University Press; 1995:266-269
  • Klonoff-Cohen HS, Edelstein SL. Bed sharing and the sudden infant death syndrome. BMJ. 1995;311:1269-1272
  • Luke JL. Sleeping arrangements of sudden infant death syndrome victims in the District of Columbia: a preliminary report. J Forensic Sci. 1978;23:379-383
  • Matthews T, McDonnell M, McGarvey C, Loftus G, O’Regan M. A multivariate “time based” analysis of SIDS risk factors. Arch Dis Child. 2004;89:267-271
  • Scragg R, Mitchell EA, Taylor BJ, et al. Bed sharing, smoking, and alcohol in the sudden infant death syndrome. New Zealand Cot Death Study Group. BMJ. 1993;307:1312-1318
  • Tappin DM, Ecob R, Brooke H. Bedsharing, roomsharing and sudden infant death syndrome in Scotland. A case-control study. (J Pediatr 2005;147:32-7)